ABGD 2016 NEWSLETTER

ABGD President’s Message

April 26, 2017 President's Message – American Board of General Dentistry Greetings – esteemed Colleagues – fellow Board of Directors. I am overjoyed to share this message and the news of our accomplishments in the 8 months since I began my tenure as the 2017 President of the American Board of General Dentistry. I sincerely value and treasure your sustained level of excellence, devotion and selfless service. The American Board of General Dentistry – the only Board Certifying organization nationally and internationally for General Dentistry is without a doubt, a World Class organization. Our mission is "To elevate the standards and advance the sciences and arts of General (Comprehensive) Dentistry by encouraging its study and improving its practice". The American Board of General Dentistry represents Board Certified Comprehensive Dentists – and is "dedicated to advancing the practice of general dentistry by promoting a higher standard of knowledge and excellence through advanced education".

We are approaching the culmination of the 33rd year as the world's only board-certifying organization for comprehensive dentistry. It brings me pride and joy knowing that the caliber and quality of ABGD continues to serve its members and the public with the highest standards of professionalism and expertise. I am particularly impressed by the quality and depth achieved in the development of the 2017 ABGD WE and the 2017 ABGD Oral Examination.

One of the duties I have particularly enjoyed this year as President, is the analysis of the Outcomes Assessment Examination (OA). The OA is a measure for postgraduate AEGD residency program directors to utilize, pre and post – residency, as a measure to determine the level of increased depth of knowledge. I have analyzed and revised the examination and have updated all references for the 2017 OA Examination. Both the 2017 OA and the 2017 American Board of General Dentistry Written Examination have continued to be objectively and psychometrically analyzed with highly detailed statistical analyses.

The road to ABGD Board Certification moved to yet a new height in the spring of 2017. The ABGD BoD approved the psychometric and objective analyses of the entire ABGD Oral Examination process. In 2016, we unfolded a new oral examination process for the Standardized Treatment Planing Examination. One of our hallmark goals was to eliminate the exhaustive writing of repetitious rationales and justifications, yet bring to light the most important treatment planning concepts with justifications, and allow the evaluation of critical thinking aspects. The success we saw in 2016 has evolved again and allowed us to move in yet another new and important direction for 2017.

In summary, we reached our aspiration of initial analysis of the Oral Board Examinations with psychometric evaluation by Professional Testing. This began the process of achieving not only calibration of our Directors, Examiners and Graders, but also for annual psychometric evaluation of our Oral Board Examination process by Professional Testing. Following the 2017 ABGD Oral Examinations, we will receive a report from Professional Testing with recommendations to ensure the highest objectivity, through calibrated, psychometrically evaluated examinations of ABGD Directors and Deputies, Examiners and Graders. I am personally overjoyed that in the 6 years of service to the Board that we have been able to make this goal become a reality. We have brought the ABGD to an even higher standard of excellence in the fair and objective testing of all examinations in which we offer.

I wish to applaud the tremendous work ethic, devotion and dedication of our Directors who will be departing the ABGD BOD after honorable and well received service. Dr. Bill Schlesinger, thank you for all of your expertise that you brought to the ABGD. Dr. John Safar, it has been a great pleasure also working with you – the level of excellence and expertise you have brought to ABGD is simply outstanding.

I would like to offer a special acknowledgement for the extreme dedication and service of our immediate Past-President, Dr. Jon Dossett, who has served the American Board of General Dentistry as a Standardized Treatment Planning Grader and his terms as a Director. Dr. Dossett has truly demonstrated a tireless dedication, sacrifice – putting service before self, and exhibits the highest degree of integrity and loyalty to the American Board of General Dentistry. He has been a mentor to all that know him. I personally give Dr. Dossett my highest compliments for unsurpassed service to ABGD and gratitude for a job very well done.

I would like to offer the warmest welcome to the next 4 Directors of the American Board of General Dentistry – all of whom represent the highest qualities of expertise and leadership. Please join with me in welcoming, Dr. Anthony Carrocia, Dr. Stephen Chartier, Dr. Eric Danko and Dr. Bernard Hennessy as our new 2017-2020 Directors. We are grateful and extremely honored that they have offered to serve as Directors and know with the highest degree of confidence that they will bring tremendous credit upon the ABGD.

I would also like to extend a very big thank you for the tremendous service of all of our Graders and Deputies for the 2017 ABGD Oral Examinations. We have been fortunate to have the most exceptional and seasoned experts serving with us this year. First, I would like to thank Dr. Blayne Gumm, a Past President, who has served faithfully and selflessly for an unprecedented number of years providing outstanding service in every possible capacity. The American Board of General Dentistry is in a great debt of tremendous gratitude for all extensive innumerable outstanding contributions and service Dr. Gumm has generously offered and continues to offer. I would also like to thank Dr. Bernie Hennessey, who has served for as long as I can remember as a Treatment Planning grader and as a Deputy Examiner – and ABGD is now so fortunate to reap the continued benefit of his diligence, brilliance and excellence as a Director. We are also so fortunate to have the excellence, integrity and faithful service of two more additional Directors who have loyally served as both Graders and Deputy Examiners. I believe I can speak confidently for the entire BOD in saying that the American Board of General Dentistry will continue to steer into a bright and prosperous future.

I would like to take a moment to acknowledge our 4 remaining Directors – who are also stepping up with newly elected positions as Officers with new roles. Dr. Dennis Flanagan. Dr. Genevieve Bussiere, Dr. Thomas Boyle and Dr. Daniel Lavin are the mainstay of our ongoing prior Board of Directors. They will take the positions of Treasurer, Secretary, Vice President and President, respectively. I am tremendously proud of each of them and pass the torch with honor to our upcoming President. I am confident that with Dr. Daniel Lavin at the Helm as our 2018 President, and Sandra Mitchell as our unparalleled and most extraordinary Executive Director, the plans set forth for ABGD will only continue to reach higher levels of excellence.

Dr. Daniel Lavin has been an incredible asset to the American Board of General Dentistry in all respects. He brings not only 30 years of supreme leadership of several of the busiest military clinics, directorship of the US Army's top postgraduate residency programs, has directed and hosted numerous National dental courses and served as an expert lecturer, has chaired a multitude of highly successful dental program committees, and currently serves as a Mentor and Full Time Faculty at a major highly respected and top Dental University. His devotion, selfless service, and expertise are unparalleled. I am overjoyed and extremely proud of Dr. Lavin and I know that he will faithfully continue the ABGD mission, and loyally serve with outstanding professionalism. Thank you Dr. Lavin for serving as our Vice President and for your upcoming service as our 2018 President – I will proudly pass the torch to you.

I have saved the last topic – and most treasured for me – to reflect upon our Executive Director's outstanding sustained service to our organization. Sandra Mitchell's pure "service before self" personal motto, her integrity, loyalty and extraordinary management in literally every possible aspect of running such a large complex organization as the ABGD – is none other than mind boggling and supremely cherished. Sandra has personally shared more about the success of this tremendous organization than I could possibly ever include in my Presidents Message. We may not fully appreciate what is required to keep us running smoothly. The expression of being a miracle worker or "walking on water" isn't far from the truth. The 100's if not 1000's of total emails and phone calls and requests of every kind that Sandra and her staff of 1 have to manage annually would be just a start. One would think that you would need a staff of ½ a dozen or more. A brief glimpse pales to what is necessitated, but I can fully appreciate her countless hours and months of preparation for the ABGD Oral Examinations each year, down to the smallest minutia that make it all go so perfectly. The entire ABGD mission, its every undertaking, and all facets associated with its responsibilities are handled – practically single-handedly with grace and humility by none other than our Executive Director. I hereby offer my absolute highest personal gratitude for superior service and unwavering support of me and for outstanding orchestration of an especially complex year filled with tremendous successes. Sandra Mitchell is a personal hero of mine.

It has indeed been a tremendous honor to serve during my sixth year as the 2017 President of ABGD and to work alongside each you - our Board of Directors and Executive Staff. Thank you all for trusting in me to hold the torch this year. I will look forward with eagerness and joy to serve alongside you this summer in Las Vegas as we promote the American Board of General Dentistry and celebrate the 30 newly Board Certified Diplomates of ABGD. Congratulations Diplomates. Thank you ABGD!

Respectfully,

Dr. Randolph A. Coffey
President, American Board of General Dentistry


NEWS FLASH!

New ABGD Contact Information

Please note the address and phone numbers of the ABGD below.  You are required to send any updates on your personal information directly to the ABGD at these contacts.

American Board of General Dentistry
490 Indian Rocks Rd N., Suite A
Belleair Bluffs, FL 33770

Phone: (561) 809-5491

http://www.abgd.org
assistantABGD@tampabay.rr.com


ABGD Directors  

ABGD Directors serve three (3) year terms, with a maximum of two (2) terms.  The Director’s terms are staggered to provide stability and continuity to the Board.  As Director positions become available, candidate applications submitted to the ABGD are reviewed with qualified candidates being elected by the Board.  Previous service to the Board is a significant factor in the Board’s decision in the election of new directors.  Service to the Board also provides interested candidates with access to Board Directors and Board functions.  It is the intent of the Board to provide opportunities for interested Board Certified general dentists to assist in Board activities and to become a Director candidate.

ABGD Volunteer Opportunities

Service to the American Board  

There are several areas of service activities available to those who are interested in serving the American Board of General Dentistry.   

1) Volunteers for the ABGD Information Booth at the AGD Annual Meeting provide information to prospective Board candidates.

2) Deputy examiners serve to assist the ABGD Directors during the Oral Exam.  The deputy examiners are selected from a pool of interested Board Certified dentists.  

3) Serve as an ABGD Mentor-If you would like to serve as a mentor to candidates who are in the examination process please call or email to add your name to the ABGD Mentor Program.

For all service activities, the Board will attempt to rotate individuals to provide a broad experience in Board activities, and to provide the maximum number of Board Certified members the opportunity to assist in Board activities.

If you would like to volunteer for the ABGD, please send an e-mail to: SandraM@ABGD.org.

Also include your CV and letter stating why you would like to volunteer for the ABGD.

NOTE: Annual Dues and CE hours must be current.  CV's must be received by August 31st in order to be considered for the subsequent year.


ABGD 2017-2018 BOARD OF DIRECTORS

President, Daniel P. Lavin, DMD, MAGD, ABGD
Dr. Daniel P. Lavin graduated from the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine in 1984. He completed his residency in 1985 at Fort Jackson, SC. Dr. Lavin has served as Director of a Comprehensive Dentistry Program at Fort Hood, TX and Hawaii. In addition he has served as a consultant for the Council on Dental Accreditation with the American Dental Association and as a consultant to the Army Surgeon General for General and Comprehensive Dentistry. He achieved ABGD board certification in 2003 and has served as an ABGD board director since 2013.
Vice President, Thomas J. Boyle, DMD, MAGD, ABGD  
Dr. Thomas J. Boyle graduated from St. Peter's College in 1972 and completed his dental training at New Jersey Dental School in 1975. He was in private practice from 1975 to 2007. Since then, and currently, he is an Assistant Professor of Dental Medicine at Columbia University Medical Center in the AEGD Department of Adult Dentistry. He is a past President of the New Jersey Academy of General Dentistry and received his Master of Academy of General Dentistry in 2003. He became Board Certified with the American Board of General Dentistry in 2006. He has served as an ABGD Director since 2014.
Treasurer, Dennis Flanagan, DDS, MAGD, ABGD, MSc  
Dr. Dennis Flanagan is the managing partner of a two location private general dental group practice. He is a diplomat of the American Board of General Dentistry, International Congress of Oral Implantologists and American Board of Implantology/Implant Dentistry. He has published over 100 articles in dentistry and holds six US patents on medical and dental devices. He has made many presentations at national and international dental conferences. Dr. Flanagan is an Honored Fellow of the American Academy of Implant Dentistry, Fellow of the Academy of Osseointegration and American Board of Forensic Dentistry. He is a Georgetown University School of Dentistry (DDS) graduate, and has studied oral implantology at Harvard University Dental School (certificate) and at the Geothe Medical University, Frankfurt Germany (MSc).
Secretary, Geneviève Bussière, DMD, ABGD 
LCol Geneviève Bussière graduated from Université de Montréal (U of M) in 1997 and subsequently completed a 1-year Residency at Université Laval (Québec). Before her enrolment in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) in 1999, LCol Bussière worked in private practice in the Montreal area and was also employed as a clinician in the fixed prosthodontics clinic of U of M. Since joining the military, she has been employed on many CAF Bases in various clinical and leadership positions. She completed a 2-Year Advanced Education in General Dentistry Residency Program at Fort Hood, Texas and successfully challenged the American Board of General Dentistry (ABGD) in 2009. She is currently assigned to Ottawa (Ontario) as Dental Detachment Commander for one of 1 Dental Unit's Regional Specialty Care Centers; in that capacity, she also remains actively involved with clinical care delivery and subordinates' professional and clinical development. She is currently the Canadian Armed Forces Forensic Odontology Senior Practice Leader and the Canadian Forces Forensic Odontology Response Team Lead.
Anthony S. Carroccia, DDS, MAGD, DDOCS, MCSD, ABGD  
Dr. Anthony Carroccia graduated from Meharry Medical College School of Dentistry in 1999. He completed a one year AEGD residency in the US Army at Ft. Campbell, KY. He is a Diplomat of the Dental Organization for Conscious Sedation. He is also a Master of the College of Sedation in Dentistry from the American Dental Society of Anesthesiology. He lectures nationally and teaches certification courses to assistants and hygienists in his state. He became a Master of the Academy of General Dentistry in 2008. In 2013, he was certified by the American Board of General Dentistry. He began serving as a Director in 2017 while continuing to serve in organized dentistry back in Tennessee where he has his private practice.
Stephen H. Chartier, DDS, MS, ABGD
Dr. Stephen H. Chartier graduated from the University of Detroit-Mercy School of Dentistry in 1996. He earned a Certificate of Residency for completing his Comprehensive Dentistry 2-year AEGD residency at The National Naval Medical Center-Naval Postgraduate Dental School in 2008 and also earned a Master of Science in Health Sciences Degree from George Washington University with a concentration in Oral Biology in 2008. Dr. Chartier has been board certified by the American Board of General Dentistry since 2009. Dr. Chartier is a Colonel in United States Air Force and currently is an Associate Professor at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences (USUHS) Post-Graduate Dental College. Dr. Chartier is currently the Director of the Advanced Education in General Dentistry (AEGD-1) Residency Program at the Mike O'Callaghan Federal Health Center-Nellis Air Force Base, NV.
Eric Danko, DMD, MBA, MAGD, FICD, ABGD  
Dr. Eric Danko is a native of Pennsylvania and is currently the Dental Commander at Fort Huachuca, AZ. He graduated with a B.A. in Biology from Colgate University in 2000 and his D.M.D. from the University of Kentucky in 2004. He entered Active Duty to the Army in 2004, deployed to Iraq on two separate occasions for 19 months total and upon return, completed his Advanced Education Program in General Dentistry – 2 year, at Fort Bragg, NC in 2011. He obtained his board certification in 2012 and his Master of the AGD in 2014. Dr. Danko served as a deputy in 2013, 2016 and as a grader in 2017. He is the immediate past president of the Army Constituent of the Academy of General Dentistry.
Bernard Hennessy, DDS, MAGD, ABGD  
Dr. Bernard J. Hennessy graduated from the University of Illinois -College of Dentistry in 1986. He completed a 2 year AEGD program at Fort Hood, Texas in 1998. He has served as program director for AEGD programs at Fort Hood Texas, Fort Meade Maryland, and Fort Sill Oklahoma. He achieved ABGD board certification in 2000 and currently serves as a Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Diagnostic Science, Texas A&M University College of Dentistry.
Andrew T. Stewart DDS, MAGD, ABGD  
Dr. Stewart graduated from the Pensylvania State University in 1989 with a degree in biology. After graduating from Temple University School of Dentistry in 1993, he spent one year as the Resident at the Lancaster Cleft Palate Clinic. He earned his AGD Mastership in 2006. In 2009 he became a Diplomate of the American Board og General Dentistry. He belongs to several scientific dental organizations including the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, the American Society of Forensic Ondontology, The Pennsylvania Dental Identification Team, and the Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team of the Federal Department of Health and Human Services. He currently is President-Elect of the Pennsylvania Academy of General Dentistry.
American Board of General Dentistry
490 Indian Rocks Rd N., Suite A
Belleair Bluffs, FL  33770-2085
Telephone: 561-809-5491
Website: ABGD.org
Executive Director
Sandra Mitchell

Email: SandraM@Tampabay.rr.com

Annual Dues

The first notice of the Annual Dues will be sent September 1st. The 2nd notice is sent as a courtesy in December. Please be sure to have your correct contact information, including current address, e-mail and telephone number(s) on file with ABGD. The ABGD kindly requests your assistance in keeping your contact information current. Please note; Change of contact information with other dental organizations such as, ADA or AGD does not update your contact information in the ABGD database. You must notify ABGD in order to update your records accordingly.

The ABGD Board Certified Annual Dues are $125 if paid prior to December 31st, or $175 from January 1 through August 31st.

The ABGD Board Eligible and Conditionally Board Eligible Annual Dues are $50 if paid prior to December 31st or $65 from January 1st through August 31st.


Failure to pay the Annual Dues and/or failure to recertify each five (5) year period for Board Certified will result in a loss of one's certification. Please do your part to remain in good standing.


Do You Have a Conditional Board Eligible Status?

The American Board assesses a conditional status to candidates who have yet to complete the requirements of their entry point. Examples of incomplete Entry Point requirements include: failure to submit documentation of the completion of your residency, for Entry Point I, less than the 600 CE hours submitted for Entry Point II, or failure to submit a copy of Mastership Certificate for Entry Point III. Candidates who have a conditional Board Eligible status must complete all entry point requirements before a candidate will be allowed to apply for or sit for the Oral Examination. If you are unsure of your current status, please contact the ABGD office for more information.


American Board of General Dentistry 2018 Testing Information

Exam Type
Location
Exam Date
2018
Application Deadline
Written Exam
Tampa, FL
March 16
January 10
Written Exam
March 16
January 10
Oral Exam
Tampa, FL
April 26-29
February 1
Written Exam
AGD Meeting:
New Orleans,LA
June 8
May 14
Written Exam
June 8
May 14


ABGD Logo

The ABGD has an official logo readily available for use on stationery, business cards and your business Web sites. Use of the ABGD logo is currently restricted to Board Certified demtists only who are in good standing with the ABGD. In order to obtain the logo files, all interested BC dentists must sign the logo guideline documentation that outlines the framework in which the ABGD logo may be used. All logo files are sent by electronic means via e-mail. If you are interested in obtaining the official ABGD logo, please send a written request to the ABGD office.

ABGD Logo Guidelines


New Board Certified Dentists

The Board congratulates the following dentists who attained Board Certification in 2017:

Al Saud, Hadeel, DDS
Almesbah, Latifa A., BDS
Almutairi, Jasi, BDS
Church, Todd D., DMD
Dahl, Catherine M., DMD
Einhorn, Michael L., DDS
Garner, Jason, DMD
Hayes, Aaron J., DDS
Helmus, Stephanie L., DDS
Hernandez-Feldpausch, Marina A., DDS
Hong, Hae J., DDS
Hoopes, Wyeth L., DDS
Jones, Brandon H., DDS
Karlson, Wesley K., DMD
Kim, Sewhan, DDS
Krance, Aaron T., DMD
Lund, Christopher T., DDS
Mairza, Meshael, DDS
Martin, Curt G., DDS
Martinsen, Bradley D., DMD
Meadows, Raegan L., DDS
Moberg, Matthew T., DDS
Mooney, Michael A., DMD
Nguyen, Duke, DMD
Price, Stephanie M., DDS
Richards, Cory D., DDS
Stuart, Blake C., DDS
Swank, Helena M., DDS
Talbot, Brent A., DDS
Wake III, Robert E., DMD



New Board Eligible and Conditionally Board Eligible Dentists

The Board congratulates the following dentists who attained Board Eligible status in 2017:
Cori M. McClatchey, DMD

Conditionally Eligible in 2017
Asma MSS Aldousari, BDM
Taleb H. Alnahwi, BDS
Bader Al Salem, BDS
Ahmed M. Alshareef, BDS
Stephen C. Arnason, DDS
Tonya N. Barry, DDS
William J. Belknap, DDS
Carl P. Bhend, DDS
Heather M. Brooks, DDS
Andrew J. Callahan, DMD
Mindy M. Daugherty, DDS
Matthew W. Dekow, DMD
Evan J. Endsley, DDS
Dalal AHSA Hasan, BDM
John C. Hastings, DMD
Cameron R. Johnson, DDS
Sung S. Kim, DDS
Andrew J. Klish, DDS
Jimmy H. Ku, DDS
Doris K. Lam, DMD
James H. Leale, DDS
Haifa M. Maktabi, BDS
John R. Mallya, DMD
Steven K. Mark, DMD
Robert E. Masterson, DDS
Erin M. McNamara, DDS
Matthew S. Miller, DMD
Larry L. Munk, DDS
Kristie L. Partin-Agarwal, DMD
Marlowe Anthony S. Rillera, DMD
Evan E. Roberts, DDS
Robert M. Spriggel, DDS
Benjamin L. Thompson, DMD
Alexandre H. Vo, DMD
Wesley D. Weibel, DDS
Nicholas D. Wilson, DDS
Anna Yoo, DMD


Reminders

  • To change to Retired Status, submit a letter to the Board verifying you no longer earn income from the profession of dentistry.

  • Candidates with the status of “Educationally Qualified” have five years and three attempts in which to pass the Written Examination.  

  • Once a candidate attains a Board Eligible status, that candidate then has five years in which to complete the Board Certification process.  

  • Candidates who are granted a Conditional Board Eligible will not be allowed to sit for the Oral Examination until they have achieved the status of Board Eligible.  Conditionally Board Eligible Candidates must complete all of the requirements of their Entry Point before they are granted the status of Board Eligible.  Conditionally Board Eligible candidates have five years to achieve Board Eligible status and pass the Oral Examination.  

  • Oral Exam applications must be submitted to the Board by February 1st of the year in which one wishes to sit for the exam.  Candidates must indicate which track they wish to pursue when they submit their Oral Examination application.

  • A PowerPoint presentation on the Standardized Treatment Planning and Rationale portion of the Oral Exam, as well as guidelines and sample cases can be found on this website under the Board Exams header, at the "Study Aids" dropdown.

  • Interested in giving a presentation to a residency program about the American Board of General Dentistry and the benefits of becoming Board Certified? Contact the ABGD office.

  • The ABGD Board offers an Outcomes Assessment Examination to assist AEGD/GPR program directors in assessing their residents’ progress and programs, as well as to fulfill the accreditation requirements for post-graduate programs, as revised by CODA in January 2000.  If you are a Program Director and would like more information on the Outcomes Assessment Examination program, please contact the ABGD office at (561) 809-5491.  

  • ABGD Lapel Pins are available.  Purchase an official American Board of General Dentistry Lapel pin.  To order your official ABGD lapel pin, send a check for $25 or contact the ABGD office directly with your credit card information.  Expect 10-14 business days for delivery.  

  • The ABGD Written Exam Study Guide is now available.  For assistance to those preparing for the ABGD Written Examination a Study
    Guide is available that contains 100 sample study questions, reflecting the content make-up of the Written Examination.  To order your official ABGD Study Guide, send a check for $45 or contact the ABGD office directly with your credit card information.  Expect 10-14 business days for delivery.

  • The ABGD Oral Examination Treatment Planning Study Guide is now available. For assistance to those preparing for the ABGD Oral Examination a Study Guide is available. To order your official ABGD Oral Examination Treatment Planning Study Guide, send a check for $45 or contact the ABGD office directly with your credit card information. Expect 10-14 business days for delivery.

Recertification – Questions & Answers

1) What is the Recertification requirement?

Board Certified (BC) dentists must recertify their credential every five years in order to maintain their status once they have been granted a Board Certified status by the American Board of General Dentistry (ABGD). Deadline for submission of CE hours is August 31st of the year due.

2) What is required to Recertify?

Board Certified dentists must submit 125 continuing education hours in clinical, basic science or regulatory matters related to dentistry within their five-year period.

3) Is there a fee for Recertifying?

Yes, Board Certified dentists must submit a $75 recertification fee with their continuing education hours.  The recertification fee is in addition to the annual registration fee.

4) Will I be notified of my pending recertification?

Board Certified dentists will receive notification one-year prior to their pending recertification.

5) Is there a penalty for not Recertifying?

Failure to meet recertification requirements will result in a loss of Board Certified status and the revocation of one’s certificate.

6) How can I find out when I need to Recertify?

Contact the ABGD office at 561.809.5491 or e-mail us at assistantABGD@tampabay.rr.com.

Recertification - Rules and Procedures